Introduction to the Respiratory System | Anatomy and Physiology II

 

outline of respiratory system

Mar 13,  · The respiratory system, which includes air passages, pulmonary vessels, the lungs, and breathing muscles, aids the body in the exchange of gases between the air . Carbon dioxide is exhaled and oxygen is inhaled through the respiratory system, which includes muscles to move air into and out of the lungs, passageways through which air moves, and microscopic gas exchange surfaces covered by capillaries. The circulatory system transports gases from the lungs to tissues throughout the body and vice versa. The two vital functions of the respiratory system are: maintenance of oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in the lungs and tissues, and regulation of the acid base balance. Any changes in this system affect all the other body systems. In chronic respiratory disease, pulmonary changes (such as hypoxia) occur slowly, and a person’s.


Respiratory System : Human Anatomy


Figure 1. The thin air at high elevations can strain the human respiratory system. Hold your breath. See how long you can hold your breath as you continue reading. How long can you do it? Chances are you are feeling uncomfortable already. A typical human cannot survive without breathing for more than 3 minutes, and even if you wanted to hold your breath longer, your autonomic nervous system would take control.

This is because every cell in the body needs to run the oxidative stages of cellular respiration, the process by which energy is produced in the form of adenosine triphosphate ATP. For oxidative phosphorylation to occur, oxygen is used as a reactant and carbon dioxide is released as outline of respiratory system waste product. You may be surprised to learn that although oxygen is a critical need for cells, it is actually the accumulation of carbon dioxide that primarily drives your need to breathe.

Carbon dioxide is exhaled and oxygen is inhaled through the respiratory system, which includes muscles to move air into and out of the lungs, passageways through which air moves, and microscopic gas exchange surfaces covered by capillaries. The circulatory system transports gases from the lungs to tissues throughout the body and vice versa.

A variety of diseases can affect the respiratory system, outline of respiratory system, such as outline of respiratory system, emphysema, chronic obstruction pulmonary disorder COPDand lung cancer.

All of these conditions affect the gas exchange process and result in labored outline of respiratory system and other difficulties.

Skip to main content. Module 6: The Respiratory System, outline of respiratory system. Search for:. Introduction to the Respiratory System Learning Objectives By the end of this section, you will be able to: List the structures of the respiratory system List the major functions of the respiratory system Outline the forces that allow for air movement into and out of the lungs Outline the process of gas exchange Summarize the process of oxygen and carbon dioxide transport within the respiratory system Create a flow chart illustrating how respiration is controlled Discuss how the respiratory system responds to exercise Describe the development of the respiratory system in the embryo.

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Respiratory System Anatomy, Diagram & Function | Healthline

 

outline of respiratory system

 

The Respiratory System (Blank) Printable. This diagram of the respiratory system is a great review sheet for your students to keep track of the different parts of the system. Students can label each part and will be a a good resource as your students continue to build their knowledge toward other human body systems. Students also have the. Start studying Science outline "The Respiratory System" lesson 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Mar 13,  · The respiratory system, which includes air passages, pulmonary vessels, the lungs, and breathing muscles, aids the body in the exchange of gases between the air .